Abp Vnext Blazor替换UI组件 集成BootstrapBlazor(详细过程)

发布于 2022年 01月 24日 08:30

Abp Vnext自带的blazor项目使用的是 Blazorise,但是试用后发现不支持多标签。于是想替换为BootstrapBlazor
过程比较复杂,本人已经把模块写好了只需要替换掉即可。

点击查看源码

demo也在源码里面

创建一个Abp模块

从官网下载

Q:为什么不选择应用程序?

因为模块中包含Blazor的ssr和Wasm的host。可以直接使用,而创建应用程序的话只能从ssr或wasm的host中二选一,虽然可以创建两次再把host复制合并但太麻烦了。

精简模块

删除以下无用目录:

  • angular(前端)
  • host/DemoApp.Web.Host (mvc使用)
  • host/DemoApp.Web.Unified (mvc使用)
  • host/DemoApp.Web (mvc使用)

项目结构与如何启动项目

  • IdentityServer应用程序是其他应用程序使用的身份验证服务器,它有自己的appsettings.json包含数据库连接字符串和其他配置,需要初始化数据库
  • HttpApi.Host托管模块的HTTP API. 它有自己的appsettings.json包含数据库连接字符串和其他配置
    先把项目跑起来
  • Blazor.HostBlazor WebAssembly模式的启动程序,它有自己的appsettings.json(位于wwwroot中)包含HTTP API服务器地址和IdentityServer等配置,前后端分离,需要先启动前面两个程序才能正常使用
  • Blazor.Server.HostBlazor Server模式的启动程序,它有自己的appsettings.json包含数据库连接字符串和其他配置,但是它内部默认集成了IdentityServer和HttpApi.Host模块,相当于前后端不分离,所以它可以直接用。

启动项目(WebAssembly模式)

因为项目默认数据库为MSSQLLocalDB所以不需要另外修改配置,直接初始化数据库即可。

首先在控制台中切换到DemoApp.IdentityServer项目所在目录,执行

dotnet ef database update

按顺序打开如下项目:

  • DemoApp.IdentityServer
  • DemoApp.HttpApi.Host
  • DemoApp.Blazor.Host

打开https://localhost:44307/正常载入wasm页面,点击右上角登录会跳转到identityServer认证中心(https://localhost:44364/),输入用户名admin密码1q2w3E*登录完成跳转回wasm

启动项目(Server模式)

由于Server.Host默认集成了IdentityServer和HttpApi(需要改造,后文有)
初始化数据库
首先在控制台中切换到DemoApp.Blazor.Server.Host项目所在目录,执行

dotnet ef database update

直接启动后打开https://localhost:44313/即可

可以看到登录的时候也是https://localhost:44313/,不像wasm一样会跳到identityserver(因为它自己就集成了)。

替换模块主题

DemoApp.Blazor

这是模块的Blazor公共项目,一般在这里面编写相关页面和组件

  1. 移除依赖Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Components.Web.Theming,替换为Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap
  2. 打开DemoAppBlazorModule
    2.1 把DependsOn中依赖的模块名AbpAspNetCoreComponentsWebThemingModule改为AbpAspNetCoreBlazorThemeBootstrapModule
    2.2 引用Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme命名空间
  3. 打开_Imports.razor,删除@using Volo.Abp.BlazoriseUI @using Blazorise @using Blazorise.DataGrid,添加@using BootstrapBlazor.Components @using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme

DemoApp.Blazor.Server

这个是模块的ssr模式下引用的类库,这个简单,只需要替换依赖就行。

  1. 移除依赖Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Components.Server.Theming,替换为Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap.Server
  2. 打开DemoAppBlazorServerModule
    2.1 把DependsOn中依赖的模块名AbpAspNetCoreComponentsServerThemingModule改为AbpAspNetCoreBlazorThemeBootstrapServerModule
    2.2 引用Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap命名空间

DemoApp.Blazor.WebAssembly

这个是模块的wasm模式下引用的类库,由上。

  1. 移除依赖Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Components.WebAssembly.Theming,替换为Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap.WebAssembly
  2. 打开DemoAppBlazorWebAssemblyModule
    2.1 把DependsOn中依赖的模块名AbpAspNetCoreComponentsWebAssemblyThemingModule改为AbpAspNetCoreBlazorThemeBootstrapWebAssemblyModule
    2.2 引用Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap命名空间

替换Host主题

Blazor.Host

首先我们替换WebAssembly Host的主题,它比Server集成更简单一点

移除依赖

由于自带的用户管理、权限管理、租户管理等UI模块都是依赖了Blazorise的,所以需要从项目依赖中移除这几项:

  • Volo.Abp.Identity.Blazor.WebAssembly
  • Volo.Abp.TenantManagement.Blazor.WebAssembly
  • Volo.Abp.SettingManagement.Blazor.WebAssembly
  • Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Components.WebAssembly.BasicTheme(主题)
  • Blazorise.Bootstrap
  • Blazorise.Icons.FontAwesome

修改DemoAppBlazorHostModule

using System;
using System.Net.Http;
using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme;
using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap;
using DemoApp.Blazor.WebAssembly;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.WebAssembly.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Volo.Abp.Account;
using Volo.Abp.Autofac.WebAssembly;
using Volo.Abp.AutoMapper;
using Volo.Abp.Modularity;
using Volo.Abp.UI.Navigation;
namespace DemoApp.Blazor.Host
{
    [DependsOn(
        typeof(AbpAutofacWebAssemblyModule),
        typeof(AbpAccountApplicationContractsModule), 
        typeof(DemoAppBlazorWebAssemblyModule)
    )]
    public class DemoAppBlazorHostModule : AbpModule
    {
        public override void ConfigureServices(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
        {
            var environment = context.Services.GetSingletonInstance<IWebAssemblyHostEnvironment>();
            var builder = context.Services.GetSingletonInstance<WebAssemblyHostBuilder>();
            ConfigureAuthentication(builder);
            ConfigureHttpClient(context, environment);
            ConfigureRouter(context);
            ConfigureUI(builder);
            ConfigureMenu(context);
            ConfigureAutoMapper(context);
        }

        private void ConfigureRouter(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
        {
            Configure<AbpRouterOptions>(options =>
            {
                //options.AppAssembly = typeof(DemoAppBlazorHostModule).Assembly;这里要注释掉
                options.AdditionalAssemblies.Add(this.GetType().Assembly);
            });
        }

        private void ConfigureMenu(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
        {
            Configure<AbpNavigationOptions>(options =>
            {
                options.MenuContributors.Add(new DemoAppHostMenuContributor(context.Services.GetConfiguration()));
            });
        }

        
        private static void ConfigureAuthentication(WebAssemblyHostBuilder builder)
        {
            builder.Services.AddOidcAuthentication(options =>
            {
                builder.Configuration.Bind("AuthServer", options.ProviderOptions);
                options.ProviderOptions.DefaultScopes.Add("DemoApp");
            });
        }

        private static void ConfigureUI(WebAssemblyHostBuilder builder)
        {
            builder.RootComponents.Add<App>("#ApplicationContainer");
        }

        private static void ConfigureHttpClient(ServiceConfigurationContext context, IWebAssemblyHostEnvironment environment)
        {
            context.Services.AddTransient(sp => new HttpClient
            {
                BaseAddress = new Uri(environment.BaseAddress)
            });
        }

        private void ConfigureAutoMapper(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
        {
            Configure<AbpAutoMapperOptions>(options =>
            {
                options.AddMaps<DemoAppBlazorHostModule>();
            });
        }
    }
}

修改_Imports.razor

删除

@using Blazorise
@using Blazorise.DataGrid

添加

@using BootstrapBlazor.Components
@using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme

重新生成样式

因为修改了主题需要重新bundle

先生成DemoApp.Blazor.Host项目,然后在控制台中转到DemoApp.Blazor.Host所在目录
执行:

abp bundle

如果显示abp不是命令则需要安装abp-cli

登录后显示 :

Blazor.Server.Host

1.移除与替换依赖

移除以下包

  • Blazorise.Bootstrap
  • Blazorise.Icons.FontAwesome
  • Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools
  • Volo.Abp.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer
  • Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Authentication.JwtBearer
  • Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Components.Server.BasicTheme
  • Volo.Abp.AuditLogging.EntityFrameworkCore
  • Volo.Abp.Account.Web.IdentityServer
  • Volo.Abp.Account.Application
  • Volo.Abp.FeatureManagement.EntityFrameworkCore
  • Volo.Abp.FeatureManagement.Application
  • Volo.Abp.Identity.Blazor.Server
  • Volo.Abp.Identity.EntityFrameworkCore
  • Volo.Abp.Identity.Application
  • Volo.Abp.TenantManagement.Blazor.Server
  • Volo.Abp.TenantManagement.EntityFrameworkCore
  • Volo.Abp.TenantManagement.Application
  • Volo.Abp.SettingManagement.Blazor.Server
  • Volo.Abp.SettingManagement.EntityFrameworkCore
  • Volo.Abp.SettingManagement.Application
  • Volo.Abp.PermissionManagement.Application
  • Volo.Abp.PermissionManagement.EntityFrameworkCore
  • DemoApp.EntityFrameworkCore\DemoApp.EntityFrameworkCore
  • DemoApp.HttpApi

添加以下包

  • Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Authentication.OpenIdConnect
  • Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc.Client
  • Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Authentication.OAuth
  • Volo.Abp.Http.Client.IdentityModel.Web
  • Volo.Abp.PermissionManagement.HttpApi.Client
  • Volo.Abp.Identity.HttpApi.Client
  • Volo.Abp.TenantManagement.HttpApi.Client
  • Volo.Abp.FeatureManagement.HttpApi.Client
  • DemoApp.HttpApi.Client

2.修改Module.cs

1.删除DependsOn中已移除的模块

还要删除

  • DemoAppEntityFrameworkCoreModule(因为不需要直接读取数据库了)

  • DemoAppApplicationModule

  • DemoAppHttpApiModule
    添加以下模块

  • AbpAspNetCoreMvcClientModule

  • AbpAspNetCoreAuthenticationOAuthModule

  • AbpAspNetCoreAuthenticationOpenIdConnectModule

  • AbpHttpClientIdentityModelWebModule

  • AbpAspNetCoreMvcUiBasicThemeModule

  • AbpAspNetCoreSerilogModule

  • AbpIdentityHttpApiClientModule

  • AbpFeatureManagementHttpApiClientModule

  • AbpTenantManagementHttpApiClientModule

  • AbpPermissionManagementHttpApiClientModule

2.ConfigureServices
   public override void ConfigureServices(ServiceConfigurationContext context)
        {
            var hostingEnvironment = context.Services.GetHostingEnvironment();
            var configuration = context.Services.GetConfiguration();
            Configure<AbpBundlingOptions>(options =>
            {
                // MVC UI
                options.StyleBundles.Configure(
                    BasicThemeBundles.Styles.Global,
                    bundle =>
                    {
                        bundle.AddFiles("/global-styles.css");
                    }
                );

                //BLAZOR UI
                options.StyleBundles.Configure(
                    BlazorBootstrapThemeBundles.Styles.Global,
                    bundle =>
                    {
                        bundle.AddFiles("/blazor-global-styles.css");
                        //You can remove the following line if you don't use Blazor CSS isolation for components
                        bundle.AddFiles("/DemoApp.Blazor.Server.Host.styles.css");
                    }
                );
            });
            
            context.Services.AddAuthentication(options =>
                {
                    options.DefaultScheme = "Cookies";
                    options.DefaultChallengeScheme = "oidc";
                })
                .AddCookie("Cookies", options => { options.ExpireTimeSpan = TimeSpan.FromDays(365); })
                .AddAbpOpenIdConnect("oidc", options =>
                {
                    options.Authority = configuration["AuthServer:Authority"];
                    options.ClientId = configuration["AuthServer:ClientId"];
                    options.ClientSecret = configuration["AuthServer:ClientSecret"];
                    options.RequireHttpsMetadata = Convert.ToBoolean(configuration["AuthServer:RequireHttpsMetadata"]);
                    options.ResponseType = OpenIdConnectResponseType.CodeIdToken;
                    options.SaveTokens = true;
                    options.GetClaimsFromUserInfoEndpoint = true;
                    options.Scope.Add("role");
                    options.Scope.Add("email");
                    options.Scope.Add("phone");
                    options.Scope.Add("DemoApp");
                });
            if(hostingEnvironment.IsDevelopment())
            {
                Configure<AbpVirtualFileSystemOptions>(options =>
                {
                    options.FileSets.ReplaceEmbeddedByPhysical<DemoAppDomainSharedModule>(Path.Combine(hostingEnvironment.ContentRootPath, string.Format("..{0}..{0}src{0}DemoApp.Domain.Shared", Path.DirectorySeparatorChar)));
                    options.FileSets.ReplaceEmbeddedByPhysical<DemoAppDomainModule>(Path.Combine(hostingEnvironment.ContentRootPath, string.Format("..{0}..{0}src{0}DemoApp.Domain", Path.DirectorySeparatorChar)));
                    options.FileSets.ReplaceEmbeddedByPhysical<DemoAppApplicationContractsModule>(Path.Combine(hostingEnvironment.ContentRootPath, string.Format("..{0}..{0}src{0}DemoApp.Application.Contracts", Path.DirectorySeparatorChar)));
                    options.FileSets.ReplaceEmbeddedByPhysical<DemoAppApplicationModule>(Path.Combine(hostingEnvironment.ContentRootPath, string.Format("..{0}..{0}src{0}DemoApp.Application", Path.DirectorySeparatorChar)));
                    options.FileSets.ReplaceEmbeddedByPhysical<DemoAppBlazorHostModule>(hostingEnvironment.ContentRootPath);
                });
            }

            context.Services.AddAbpSwaggerGen(
                options =>
                {
                    options.SwaggerDoc("v1", new OpenApiInfo { Title = "DemoApp API", Version = "v1" });
                    options.DocInclusionPredicate((docName, description) => true);
                    options.CustomSchemaIds(type => type.FullName);
                });

            Configure<AbpLocalizationOptions>(options =>
            {
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("cs", "cs", "Čeština"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("en", "en", "English"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("en-GB", "en-GB", "English (UK)"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("fi", "fi", "Finnish"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("fr", "fr", "Français"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("hi", "hi", "Hindi", "in"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("it", "it", "Italian", "it"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("hu", "hu", "Magyar"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("pt-BR", "pt-BR", "Português (Brasil)"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("ru", "ru", "Русский"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("sk", "sk", "Slovak"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("tr", "tr", "Türkçe"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("zh-Hans", "zh-Hans", "简体中文"));
                options.Languages.Add(new LanguageInfo("zh-Hant", "zh-Hant", "繁體中文"));
            });

            Configure<AbpMultiTenancyOptions>(options =>
            {
                options.IsEnabled = MultiTenancyConsts.IsEnabled;
            });

            context.Services.AddTransient(sp => new HttpClient
            {
                BaseAddress = new Uri("/")
            });

          

            Configure<AbpNavigationOptions>(options =>
            {
                options.MenuContributors.Add(new DemoAppMenuContributor());
            });

// Configure<AbpRouterOptions>(options => { options.AppAssembly = typeof(DemoAppBlazorHostModule).Assembly; });
            Configure<AbpRouterOptions>(options => { options.AdditionalAssemblies .Add(typeof(DemoAppBlazorHostModule).Assembly); });//要改成这个
        }
3.OnApplicationInitialization
 public override void OnApplicationInitialization(ApplicationInitializationContext context)
        {
            var env = context.GetEnvironment();
            var app = context.GetApplicationBuilder();

            app.UseAbpRequestLocalization();

            if (env.IsDevelopment())
            {
                app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
            }
            else
            {
                app.UseExceptionHandler("/Error");
                app.UseHsts();
            }

            app.UseHttpsRedirection();
            app.UseCorrelationId();
            app.UseStaticFiles();
            app.UseRouting();
            app.UseAuthentication();
            //app.UseJwtTokenMiddleware();

            if (MultiTenancyConsts.IsEnabled)
            {
                app.UseMultiTenancy();
            }

            // app.UseUnitOfWork();
            //app.UseIdentityServer();
            app.UseAuthorization();
            app.UseSwagger();
            app.UseAbpSwaggerUI(options => { options.SwaggerEndpoint("/swagger/v1/swagger.json", "DemoApp API"); });
            app.UseConfiguredEndpoints();

            using (var scope = context.ServiceProvider.CreateScope())
            {
                AsyncHelper.RunSync(async () =>
                {
                    await scope.ServiceProvider
                        .GetRequiredService<IDataSeeder>()
                        .SeedAsync();
                });
            }
        }

3.修改_Imports.razor

删除

@using Blazorise
@using Blazorise.DataGrid
@using Volo.Abp.BlazoriseUI
@using Volo.Abp.BlazoriseUI.Components

添加

@using BootstrapBlazor.Components
@using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme

4.删除EntityFrameworkCore和Migrations目录

因为我们直接调用httpApi获取数据所以不需要host去读取数据库,所以把这两个目录删除

5._Host.cshtml

@page "/"
@namespace DemoApp.Blazor.Server.Host.Pages
@using System.Globalization
@using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap
@using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Bootstrap.Components
@using Tchivs.Abp.AspNetCore.Blazor.Theme.Server
@using Volo.Abp.Localization
@{
    Layout = null;
    var rtl = CultureHelper.IsRtl ? "rtl" : string.Empty;
}

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="@CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Name" dir="@rtl">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>DemoApp.Blazor.Server</title>
    <base href="~/" />

    <abp-style-bundle name="@BlazorThemeBundles.Styles.Global" />
</head>
<body class="abp-application-layout bg-light @rtl">
    <component type="typeof(App)" render-mode="Server" />

    <div id="blazor-error-ui">
        <environment include="Staging,Production">
            An error has occurred. This application may no longer respond until reloaded.
        </environment>
        <environment include="Development">
            An unhandled exception has occurred. See browser dev tools for details.
        </environment>
        <a href="" class="reload">Reload</a>
        <a class="dismiss">🗙</a>
    </div>

    <abp-script-bundle name="@BlazorThemeBundles.Scripts.Global" />
</body>
</html>

6.DemoAppMenuContributor

注释ConfigureMainMenuAsync方法体,因为我们没有那几个模块了

7.修改appsettings.json配置

删除ConnectionStrings节点

修改AuthServer为:

 "AuthServer": {
    "Authority": "https://localhost:44364",
    "RequireHttpsMetadata": "true",
    "ClientId": "DemoApp_Blazor_Server",
    "ClientSecret": "1q2w3e*"
  }

其中Authority配置项为IdentityServer的uri,ClientId需要记住,等会还要用到

添加:

  "RemoteServices": {
    "Default": {
      "BaseUrl": "https://localhost:44364/"
    },
    "DemoApp": {
      "BaseUrl": "https://localhost:44396/"
    }
  }

这里配置的是DemoApp httpapi的uri和identityserver权限、账号管理相关API

5.添加登录控制器

创建Controllers目录,添加AccountController

    public class AccountController : ChallengeAccountController
    {

    }

6.添加identityServer配置

打开DemoApp.IdentityServer项目

1.修改appsettings.json

在IdentityServer的Clients中添加

      "DemoApp_Blazor_Server": {
        "ClientId": "DemoApp_Blazor_Server",
        "RootUrl": "https://localhost:44313/"
        "ClientSecret": "1q2w3e*",
      }

定位到IdentityServer/IdentityServerDataSeedContributor.cs,添加IdentityServer配置。

修改CreateClientsAsync方法,添加

      var blazorServerTieredClientId = configurationSection["DemoApp_Blazor_Server:ClientId"];
            if (!blazorServerTieredClientId.IsNullOrWhiteSpace())
            {
                var blazorServerTieredClientRootUrl = configurationSection["DemoApp_Blazor_Server:RootUrl"].EnsureEndsWith('/');

                /* Admin_BlazorServerTiered client is only needed if you created a tiered blazor server
                 * solution. Otherwise, you can delete this client. */

                await CreateClientAsync(
                    name: blazorServerTieredClientId,
                    scopes: commonScopes,
                    grantTypes: new[] { "hybrid" },
                    secret: (configurationSection["DemoApp_Blazor_Server:ClientSecret"] ?? "1q2w3e*").Sha256(),
                    redirectUri: $"{blazorServerTieredClientRootUrl}signin-oidc",
                    postLogoutRedirectUri: $"{blazorServerTieredClientRootUrl}signout-callback-oidc",
                    frontChannelLogoutUri: $"{blazorServerTieredClientRootUrl}Account/FrontChannelLogout",
                    corsOrigins: new[] { blazorServerTieredClientRootUrl.RemovePostFix("/") }
                );
            }

修改完成后需要重新打开IdentityServer配置即可生效。

7.修改菜单

定位到Menus>DemoAppMenuContributor.cs

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using DemoApp.MultiTenancy;
using Volo.Abp.UI.Navigation;

namespace DemoApp.Blazor.Server.Host.Menus
{
    public class DemoAppMenuContributor : IMenuContributor
    {
        public async Task ConfigureMenuAsync(MenuConfigurationContext context)
        {
            if (context.Menu.Name == StandardMenus.Main)
            {
                await ConfigureMainMenuAsync(context);
            }
            
            
              
        }

        private Task ConfigureMainMenuAsync(MenuConfigurationContext context)
        {
            var administration = context.Menu.GetAdministration();
            context.Menu.Items.Insert(0,
                new ApplicationMenuItem("Index", displayName: "Index", "/", icon: "fa fa-home"));
            // if (MultiTenancyConsts.IsEnabled)
            // {
            //     administration.SetSubItemOrder(TenantManagementMenuNames.GroupName, 1);
            // }
            // else
            // {
            //     administration.TryRemoveMenuItem(TenantManagementMenuNames.GroupName);
            // }
            //
            // administration.SetSubItemOrder(IdentityMenuNames.GroupName, 2);
            // administration.SetSubItemOrder(SettingManagementMenus.GroupName, 3);

            return Task.CompletedTask;
        }
    }
}

结语

以上为替换详细步骤,如果嫌麻烦或者报错可以下载demo源码自行编译查看

未完成的

由于移除了abp中的几个页面模块,所以需要重写用户管理、角色管理、租户管理等页面,这些模块我完善之后会放出来。还有identityServer的登录页面也应该重写。


__EOF__

  • 本文作者: tchivs
  • 本文链接: https://www.cnblogs.com/tchivs/p/15603214.html
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